How to make the best proofreading for your topics
adjustment – consists of two equal procedures: control (analysis) and correction (reconstruction) of the author’s original.
The practice of editing is studied by the theory of editing, which, along with the theory of publishing, is a component of editology (editology is an applied social and information science that investigates the methodological principles of preparing messages in the process of publishing / publishing in the media).
Examples of attention errors:
– at the beginning of the text, when the employee has not yet had enough concentration;
– in the line at the beginning of which an error has already been detected, the reader calms down, weakens his attention and does not notice further errors in it;
– in words that violate the normal average pace of reading, the rhythm of the points of fixation of the eye. This is most often observed in multi-letter words, especially complex ones.
To prevent such mistakes, the skill of active readiness to make a mistake helps, which allows the employee not to get tired while processing the text. This is achieved by the fact that the employee after detecting an error for a short time slows down the pace of reading and increases attention to the text. Perception errors are much more numerous because they are related to visual delusions.
According to psychologists, even the best proofreaders do not notice 7-10% of such errors in the text. They include:
– so-called visual errors (I see what I understand);
– errors in the fonts of the large font (from 16 points), because it requires a polished fixation of the eye;
– errors in the text due to changes in the font;
– errors in incorrect recognition of letters that are close to each other in writing, for example: y, n, n. It should be remembered that the curvilinear elements of the letters are perceived better than the straight.
To prevent errors of perception, you should know the stylistic features of the text, how to play it, the nature of the font graphics.
Active errors, ie errors compared to the original, can be memory errors and interpretation errors.
Errors of interpretation are due to misunderstanding of the content of the text, lack of knowledge and experience. These are usually “errors compared to the original, when a confident employee does not turn to him for verification in the event of an” obvious “error.
It is allowed to repeat the same proofreading marks to correct different errors on one print only if the interval between corrections is not less than 8-10 lines. If additions are made to the folded sheets, inserts, albeit small, should be abbreviated by the same number of characters in the immediate vicinity of the insertion point.
The technology of printing production requires that the number of pages of the future book be a multiple of the whole number of printed sheets or, depending on the features of the publication – the whole number of semi-sheets. (The printed sheet is half a sheet of paper of any size.
The proofreading process is only required when a traditional publishing process is used for publishing (for example, with a metal kit) or when a partially computerized publishing process is used. When using fully computerized equipment, then proofreading is unnecessary.
Corrections in the text made with proofreading marks should be applied in blue or black ink. You can’t write with a pencil! All proofreading marks must be clear.